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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-2 18:42:53 | 顯示全部樓層
FROM NEAR AND FAR
Distance learning is becoming increasingly popular as technology allows people to engage in formal learning without being physically in the same building as the teacher or their fellow students, says Martin Eadie from Lincoln University’s Telford division.
“For people who haven’t been to university straight after school, it allows them the option of starting down a pathway without completely changing their life. People are becoming more
and more web enabled.
“It’s giving students the picture and getting them to ask – where do I fit in, 
in this world? What part do I play? And how does that contribute to the wider environment in which we find ourselves?”

從本土到遠方
林肯大學特爾福德分校的馬丁•艾迪(Martin Eadie)表示,隨著技術的發展,人們可以進行正式的學習,而不需要與老師或同學們在同一座建築中,並進行遠距離學習。
「對於沒有直接上過大學的人,它允許他們選擇啟動一條路,而不會完全改變他們的生活方式。 人們正在變得越來越廣泛地應用網絡進行互動。」
「這給了學生更大的一幅構圖,讓他們問問這個世界上哪裡適合我? 我負責什麼部分?這對我們發現自己在適應更廣泛的環境時有何貢獻?這有莫大的益處!」


from near and far.png
昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-2 18:58:49 | 顯示全部樓層
STARTING FROM AN EARLY AGE
At the other end of the learning spectrum, education is changing, too. Early childcare is now about letting children develop their own self worth, Sue Stevely-Cole, the owner of Bear Park childcare, says.
Stevely-Cole is an experienced practitioner, and oversees 10 branches of Bear Park nationwide. She is an enthusiastic proponent of the Reggio Emilia Approach – an educational philosophy that follows the belief that children develop their own personality during the early years of development and can express their ideas in a number of ways, whether it be through painting, sculpture or drama.
Stevely-Cole explains Bear Park’s adaptation of the approach as a philosophy centred on the child. 
That is, viewing the child as being 
very capable right from birth and that they come with their own ability to 
tell their own stories.
“We have three protagonists: the teachers, the parent and the child. They make up the whole framework of our daily routine.”
And, she says, “because you have 
that strong image of the child and you value them for who they are you are setting them up to be lifelong learners. They are developing their own self 
worth, their own self-esteem. It sits 
in beautifully with the educational curriculum we have here in New 
Zealand for early childhood.”
Stevely-Cole says children have 
an “awful lot to offer” and if we just 
give them the time and the space it’s 
very productive.
“Self worth, self esteem 
and being strong in their abilities to communicate their ideas and sharing their ideas and collaborating with 
others is really important.”

從早學齡開始
在學習頻譜的另一端,教育也在變化。貝托公園幼兒保育的老闆科爾Sue Stevely-Cole表示:幼兒保育現在是讓孩子們發展自我價值。
科爾是一位經驗豐富的從業人員,負責監督全國貝托公園十個分支機構。她是雷焦艾米利亞方法Reggio Emilia Approach的熱心倡導者 - 這是一種教育理念,遵循以下信念:兒童在發展初期發展自己的個性,並可以多種方式表達自己的想法,無論是通過繪畫,雕塑還是戲劇。
科爾解釋說,貝托公園作為一種以孩子為中心的哲學方法的改編。也就是說,將孩子從出生時視為非常有能力,並且自己有能力講述自己的故事。
「我們有三個主角:老師,父母和孩子。他們組成了我們日常生活的整個框架。」
而且,她說:「因為你有這個孩子的強大形象,而且你珍惜他們是誰,老師和父母正在設置他們成為終身學習者。他們正在發展自我價值,自己的自尊心。它坐落在美麗的教育課程,我們在他們新西蘭的童年,便開始建立他們。」
科爾說,孩子們擁有 「驚人而大量東西」可以交付給社會,如果我們給他們的時間和空間是非常有成效的。
「自我價值,自尊心和能力強大的溝通思想和分享他們的思想,並與他人合作是非常重要的。」


strong baby.png
昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-2 19:21:20 | 顯示全部樓層
BUILDING ON THE BASICS
Secondary schools find themselves 
with a different kind of challenge, often battling with the need to innovate but also to keep tradition alive.
Philip Coombe, the director of studies at Auckland’s King’s College, says the school is “very much about keeping traditions and practices we know work for students and then innovating to make sure we are relevant in society”.
Innovation includes the use of new technology and in the way they prepare students for a rapidly changing world when they leave school.
“I’m a great believer that students form an identity through subjects but I think – more and more – the process is much more a part of the content now than it used to be.
“You might have to rote learn 
some things but you also need to be 
able to express increasingly complex 
ideas in different forms – maybe visual, spoken or written. A global outlook is much more part of the mix now, rather than just studying something in isolation.
“Although getting good marks is important, that has to be in a much wider context.” Coombe says he believes, more than ever, schools have to be able to adapt.
“The nature of schools will 
change as they adapt to many more external issues.” Technology is one area that schools have embraced. They are often seen as leading the way. Coombe says at King’s there have been elements that have changed and elements that have stayed the same. “They can look the same but practices are often quite different. For instance, if you walk into the lower level of our technology block, the whole thing is totally open plan. We have tables that look like you are in a cafeteria. ”
“There is a lot more collaboration, there is a lot more cross-disciplinary knowledge applied, there is obviously a 
lot heavier use of information literacy. Classrooms are much more student-centred.” As Coombe puts it, all of this 
means students now “own the lessons 
a lot more”.

建立基礎
中學發現自己有不同的挑戰,經常與創新的需要作鬥爭,同時也必須保持傳統的活力。
奧克蘭京士學院研究主任菲利普•庫姆貝(Philip Coombe)表示,學校「非常關心保持傳統,同時了解對學生的工作,然後創新,確保我們在社會上相互關聯。」
創新包括使用新技術,以及在學生離開學校時,準備學生適應快速變化世界的方式。
「我是一個忠實的信徒,學生通過所學習科目,形成一個獨特身份,但我認為 - 越來越多 - 現在這個過程,比過去更多的學習內容,只是學習的一部分。」
「你可能不得不學習一些東西,但你也需要能夠以不同的形式來表達越來越複雜的想法 - 也許是視像,口頭講述或書面回答。全球前景更是現在組合的一部分,而不是孤立地研究一些事情。」
「雖然獲得好成績很重要,但這必須在更廣泛的範圍內。」庫姆貝說,他相信,比以往任何時候,學生都必須適應學校的課堂生活。
「學校的性質會因適應更多的外部問題而改變。」科技是學校必須接受的一個領域。他們經常被視為科技的先導者。庫姆貝說在京士學院那裡,已經有變化的元素和保持不變的元素。 「他們可以看起來一樣,但做法往往是完全不同的。例如,如果你走進我們技術板塊的較低層,整個事情就是完全開放的計劃。我們有桌子,看起來像你置身在一個餐廳。」
「有更多的合作,有更多的跨學科知識應用,顯然有更多的使用信息文學的範疇。課堂更加以學生為中心。」正如庫姆貝所說,這一切意味著學生們現在「擁有更多的經驗教訓。」
Basic.jpg
昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-6 00:38:22 | 顯示全部樓層

中外公關案例寶典

本帖最後由 昊栩 於 2017-7-6 06:57 編輯

The Lord detests lying lips, but he delights in people who are trustworthy. Proverbs 12:22

說謊言的嘴為耶和華所憎惡,行事誠實的為他所喜悅。箴言12:22


























中外公關案例寶典(第三版) 特價優惠中
Testors Amazing Air Camouflage Paint Set



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入門外掛式美工噴筆

入門外掛式美工噴筆
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昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-6 03:08:55 | 顯示全部樓層
本帖最後由 昊栩 於 2017-7-6 07:35 編輯

Foreign trusts 'fled' from the sunlight - Labour
5:41 am 6 July 2017 Benedict Collins, Political Reporter

Opposition parties are claiming a major win over the government after a sharp fall in the number of foreign trusts.

At the end of last year, there were about 11,750 foreign trusts in New Zealand. Following the introduction of tough new rules, there are now less than 3000.

Foreign trusts came under the spotlight after millions of documents from a Panamanian law firm were leaked in 2016 showing some of the world's richest people were using them to hide their wealth, including in New Zealand.

The government flatly rejected claims New Zealand was being used as a tax haven, but an inquiry led to the new rules being introduced in July

Now foreign trusts have to file annual returns and identify who owns the trust, what assets are in it and who the beneficiaries are.

Labour's revenue spokesperson Michael Wood said the government did everything it could to resist having an inquiry or change the rules but was eventually forced to.

"Three-quarters of these foreign trusts completely disappeared when a very minimal amount of transparency has been required," he said.

"Suddenly like bats exposed to the sunlight they've fled into a cave somewhere.

Mr Wood said it showed many of those trusts were not legitimate.

Green Party co-leader James Shaw said it was a huge win for the opposition.

However, Revenue Minister Judith Collins said she had been advised that the new filing requirements were quite onerous and many people simply decided - "why bother?".

She said she was not reading too much into the collapsing number of foreign trusts, but said New Zealand was just doing the right thing.

"Part of our commitment internationally is to help other countries to protect their tax base. and on the same basis, they help us.

"It's worth it for us not to be used for hiding any money because we don't want anyone hiding money in someone else's place either."

海外信託基金從陽光下逃離 - 工黨
政治專欄記者本尼迪克•柯林斯2017 年7月6日上午5時41分

在紐西蘭的海外信託基金數量正急劇下降,左翼反對黨工黨聲稱對右翼執政國家黨政府取得重大勝利。

去年年底,新西蘭有大約11,750個海外信託基金。在引入嚴格的新規則之後,現在已經不到3000個。

2016年,巴拿馬律師事務所的數百萬份文件在2016年洩露出來,海外信託基金受到市民和政府關注,顯示世界上最富有的人正在使用這些文件隱藏財富,包括在新西蘭。

政府公然拒絕紐西蘭被用作避稅天堂,但調查結果導致了今年7月份對海外信託基金的新規定。

現在海外信託基金必須提交年度回報,確定誰擁有基金,資產在哪里以及受益人是誰。

工黨政府稅務收入發言人米高•伍德(Michael Wood)表示,政府盡其所能拒絕內部調查或改變規則,但最終受到媒體和公眾壓力被迫改變政策。

「這些海外信託基金中,有四分之三完全消失了。當他們被要求最低限度的公眾透明度。」他說:「突然,像蝙蝠暴露在陽光下,他們已經逃到了一個洞穴的某個地方。」

伍德說,這表明很多海外信託基金並不合法。

綠黨副黨魁詹姆斯•肖(James Shaw)說,這是在野政黨的巨大勝利。

不過,收入部長朱迪•柯林斯(Judith Collins)表示,她被告知新的申請要求是相當繁重的,許多基金經理簡單地決定  -「為什麼要經歷這許多?」

她說她不太在意海外信託基金的數量大幅減少,但是表明紐西蘭只是做了正確的事情。

「我們在國際上的部分承諾是幫助其他國家保護其稅基,並在同樣的基礎上,其他國家幫助我們。」

「值得我們關注的是我們不希望隱藏任何資金的來源,因為同樣地我們不希望任何人於其他國家隱藏任何資金的來源。」

http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/political/334535/foreign-trusts-fled-from-the-sunlight-labour
Foreign trusts 'fled' from the sunlight - Labour.jpg
昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-7 18:17:53 | 顯示全部樓層
Capture your imagination
By Dr Mary Grogan | APRIL 22, 2016

There are many questions surrounding how the creative mind works, including how it impacts on our emotional life and whether or not all of us are capable of fostering it. MiNDFOOD’s resident psychologist unpacks the research behind creativity.
Paul walked into my office, dressed casually in jeans and a T-shirt. In his 30s, articulate and engaging, Paul works in a creative industry. As he speaks I get a sense of how much he cares about his job: he loves it, he’s committed to making it his life’s work and he’s good at it. He’s in my office because he’s also really anxious – how should he manage the uncertainty inherent in his industry? How should he deal with the unpredictable, precarious nature of the work? He finds himself overwhelmed and exhausted by the workings of his mind and he finds himself going over and over the smallest details.
That’s why he’s here; his goal is to roll with the punches. Like many sensitive and creative people, Paul feels things intensely – both the good and the bad.
Often, for those employed in creative industries, part of the challenge is learning to accept and manage these aspects of their personalities, with the knowledge that with that come flashes of insight. It’s a package deal: the upside being the precious flair and the downside, the emotional toll it can take. The good news is that with insight, you can work with the intense feelings that come with creativity.

捕捉你的想像力
瑪麗•格羅根博士| 2016年4月22日

我們關於創意思維如何運作的許多問題,包括它如何影響我們的情感生活,以及我們是否能夠培養牠們。MiNDFOOD的常駐心理學家發表了創意背後的研究。
保羅走進我的辦公室,穿著牛仔褲和T恤。三十多歲的保羅表達和參與了創意工業中的工作經驗。當他發表講話時,我會感覺到他有多少關心他的工作:他喜歡它,他致力於他的工作生活,而且他很擅長。他在我的辦公室,因為他也很焦慮 - 他應該如何管理他的行業固有的不確定性?他應該如何處理工作的不可預測,不穩定的性質?他發現自己感到不堪重負,而且腦海裡的思維令他感到非常困倦,他發現自己重新又重新思考工作中的每一項細微的細節。
這就是為什麼他在心理輔助醫生這裡,而他的目標是反客為主面對這些挑戰。像許多敏感和富有創造力的人一樣,保羅感到對外來事件的強烈不安 - 無論好壞。
通常,對於那些在創意工業中工作的人來說,部分挑戰就是學習接受和管理這些人性弱點,同時知識和經驗讓他知道,這些令他困惑的情況可以預先看出來。這是一個工作上包裝好的交易:好處是珍貴的天賦,而缺點是這可以帶來情感上的損失。好消息是,通過洞察力,您可以與創造力帶來的激情一起工作。

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昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-7 18:37:32 | 顯示全部樓層
A neural basis for creativity
Creative people are highly regarded for the magic they produce. But the act of creating something is an elusive thing – where does it come from?
New research into how the brain functions, while you are being creative, has shown that there are measures all of us can take to foster ideas and nurture our creative sides.
With the advent of neuro-imaging, neuroscientists can see what is happening at the neural level during moments of creativity. In early studies using positron emission tomography (PET) scans to measure changes in regional blood flow as mental activity changes, people were asked to perform tasks in the scanner as scientists looked on to see which parts of their brains lit up.
US psychiatrist and neuroscientist Nancy Andreasen, who conducted a research project that examines the neural basis of the creative process, realized that what she was most interested in was the time when the subjects were not doing tasks and were just letting their minds wander. She called this “random episodic silent thought”, or REST – somewhat tongue in cheek because the brain never actually takes a break.
Andreasen found that the association cortex, a widespread network linking many parts of the brain, was most active when the mind wandered. Thus, the neural picture also showed that the brain was relating previously unconnected pieces of information. So there appears to be some truth to the oft-cited advice that when you get stuck on a problem, you should do something unrelated to it for a while and the answer will just come to you when you’re relaxed. Creativity seems to be at least partly about allowing the mind to wander and letting the unconscious percolate.

創造力的神經基礎
創意人士因其產生的魔力而受到高度重視。但創造某事的行為是難以捉摸的事情 - 它來自哪裡?
關於大腦如何在創意方面發揮作用的新研究表明,我們所採取的措施可以促進思想和培養我們的創造力。
隨著神經成像的出現,神經科學家可以在創意的時刻看到神經層面發生的情況。在使用正電子發射斷層掃描(PET)掃描的早期研究中,隨著精神活動的變化來測量腦部各區域血流量的變化,人們被要求在掃描儀中執行任務,因為科學家們正在看到他們的哪一個大腦區域正被有效使用。
美國精神科醫師和神經科學家南希•安德烈亞森(Nancy Andreasen)進行了一個研究項目,研究創作過程的神經基礎,意識到她最感興趣的是當時被研究的人員沒有做任務,只是讓自己的頭腦漫步。她稱這個「隨機情景沉默的想法」,或者REST - 南希是厚面皮的,因為大腦從來沒有休息。
安德烈亞森發現,當心靈流逝時,關聯的皮質神經元最為活躍,是一種廣泛聯繫大腦各部分的網絡。因此,神經圖片也顯示大腦與以前未連接的信息相關。固而言之,研究顯示當你遇到問題時,對於有時引用外來的建議似乎有一些真道理,你應該做一些與之無關的事情一段時間,當你放鬆的時候,答案就會來到你身邊。創造力似乎至少部分在於讓思想流淌,讓無意識滲透。

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正電子發射斷層掃描
昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-7 18:56:59 | 顯示全部樓層
本帖最後由 昊栩 於 2017-7-8 08:15 編輯

Can we build creativity?
Creative people, when asked where their ideas come from, tend to say the same things, according to Andreasen’s research: “I can’t force inspiration. Ideas just come to me when I’m not seeking them – when I’m swimming or running or standing in the shower.” “It happens like magic.” “I can just see things that other people can’t and I don’t know why.” “The muse just sits on my shoulder.” “If I concentrate on finding the answer it never comes, but if I let my mind just wander, the answer pops in.”
The notion of great ideas simply coming to us is very appealing, as it seems we don’t need to 
do anything for it to happen.
However author Elizabeth Gilbert, whose book Eat, Pray, Love was an international bestseller, gives us a glimpse of what she calls “the utter maddening capriciousness of the creative process” when she says this is “a process, which, as anybody who has ever tried to make something … knows does not always behave rationally. And, in fact, can sometimes feel downright paranormal”.
This is the first clue in uncovering creativity: insights just appear. They are not conscious and they tend to pop up when people are not engaged in their work. It is as if the mind has an incubation period during which ideas float around unconsciously before suddenly linking and coming into consciousness.
Recent research on the incubation process from the journal Psychological Bulletin suggests that doing something undemanding, such as having a shower or taking a walk, is better than doing either nothing or undertaking a very demanding task. Letting your mind wander appears to be an important part of the process.

我們能建立創造力嗎?
根據安德烈亞森的研究,創意人士被問及他們的想法來自何方,傾向於說同樣的話:「我不能強求靈感。想法只出現於我沒有強加要求自己的時候 - 當我在游泳或跑步或站在淋浴時。」「它像魔術一樣發生。」「我可以看到其他人不能看到的事物,我也不知道為什麼。」「靈犀只是突然肩負在我的身上。」「如果我專注於找到答案,問題的答案從來不會出現,但如果我讓我的心靈只是漫步,答案會彈出來。」
偉大的想法來到我們的思維概念是非常有吸引力的,因為它似乎不需要我們做任何事情而發生。
然而,作者伊麗莎白•吉爾伯特(Elizabeth Gilbert)的書《吃,祈禱,愛》是一本國際暢銷書,讓我們看到她所說的「創造性過程的驚人是反复無常的」,當她說這是一個過程,每一個曾經嘗試過制度一樣東西的人...知道並不總是有理性的行為。而且事實上,有時候會感到直率地超自然。」
這是發現創意的第一個線索:洞察力突然出現。他們沒有意識到,當人們不從事思考工作時,它們往往會突然彈出來。就好像心靈有一個潛伏期,在此期間,思想在突然連接並進入意識之前不自覺地浮動。
最近關於《心理學報》雜誌的孵化過程的研究表明,做一些沒有任何要求的事情,比如洗澡或散步,比沒有做任何事情要好,還是要做一個對思想非常苛刻的任務。讓你的思想漫遊似乎是這個過程的重要組成部分。



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昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-7 21:59:41 | 顯示全部樓層
Mood disorders and creativity
Gilbert gave a TED talk about how to help creative people manage the inherent emotional risks of creativity. She asks: “What is it specifically about creative ventures that seem to make us really nervous about each other’s mental health?”
In Andreasen’s research, she looked at the relationship between creativity and mental illness.
Using a sample of writers from the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, along with educationally similar and age-matched control subjects, she found that the majority of writers had significant histories of mood disorders (depression or bipolar disorder). At the time they were interviewed, all the writers were in a good space; they could look back on their depression or mania with detachment, and noted that how they perceived their mood affected their creativity.
Andreasen found that during times of low mood, study participants’ creativity was reduced, 
yet once these moods had resolved, these experiences could often provide powerful material to draw from. Andreasen was also interested in the idea of a creative personality type and found certain traits based on personality tests and interviews, from which a “creative personality profile” has emerged (see panel on the previous page).
The “creative” personality traits include being sensitive to what you are experiencing as well as what others are experiencing and having the dedication and a singularity of vision. While creative types may feel they are doomed to mental instability, the good news is that with insight and self-understanding, they can work with the intense feelings that come with creativity.

情緒障礙和創造力
吉爾伯特發表了關於如何幫助創意人士管理創造力的固有情感風險的TED演講。她問:「創意工業有什麼特別的,這似乎使我們對彼此心理健康非常緊張?」
在安德烈亞森的研究中,她研究了創造力與精神病之間的關係。
她使用愛荷華州作家研討會的作家樣本,以及教育程度類似和年齡相匹配的控制研究樣本人員,發現大多數作家有情緒障礙(抑鬱症或兩極情感障礙)的重要歷史。當他們接受采訪的時候,所有的作家都在一個很好的空間;他們可以回顧自己的抑鬱症或躁狂症,並指出他們如何看待自己的情緒影響了他們的創造力。
安德烈亞森發現,在心情低下的時候,樣本人員的創造力就會降低,但一旦這些情緒問題得到解決,這些經歷往往會提供強大的材料。安德烈亞森對具創意的樣本人員人格類型的想法也感興趣,並發現了基於樣本人員的個性測試和訪談的某些特質,從中創造出一種「創意個性概況」(見上一頁面)。
「創造性」的個性特徵包括對您的經歷內容以及其他人的經歷感受以及其奉獻精神和奇異的視覺敏感度。雖然具創意的實驗樣本人員可能會感到自己注定嚴重失敗並需要注意個人心理不穩定,但好消息是,通過洞察力和自我認識,他們可以與強烈的感覺所戴來的創造力一起工作。

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昔者莊周夢為胡蝶,栩栩然胡蝶也,自喻適志與!不知周也。俄然覺,則茫茫然周也。
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 樓主| 發表於 2017-7-8 01:46:57 | 顯示全部樓層
Nurturing creativity
Andreasen’s book The Creating Brain: The Neuroscience of Genius describes how all of us can learn to nurture our creative sides with practice. Try thinking in a free and uncensored way – this is called random episodic silent thought (REST). Make sure you don’t have other input from the outer world at the same time and just let thoughts come to the surface.
It’s also important that you set aside time to learn and perceive in new ways. For example, choose a new and unfamiliar area and explore it in depth. Bring all your curiosity to it. Spending some time each day meditating can be helpful, as this has been shown to open you to experiences rather than encouraging you to judge and close down options.
The simple task of practising observing and describing can foster creativity, too – look intently and in detail at things you wouldn’t normally notice. You might start with an overall picture and then drill down to detail. Write down your observations in a paragraph or two and do this regularly. And finally, practice imagining – choose something you find interesting, for example gardening, and imagine narrating life, say, from a flower’s perspective. Imagine different times in the past or future, perhaps somewhere you’ve dreamed of visiting.
Because as unimaginative as it sounds, building creativity is about practice.

培育創造力
安德烈亞森的書《創造大腦:天才神經科學》描述了我們所有人都可以通過實踐學習培養我們的創造力。嘗試以自由和未經審查的方式思考 - 這被稱為隨機情景沉默思想(REST)。確保你在同一時間沒有外部世界所輸入的其他環境因素,而只是讓想法來到表面。
您也可以留出時間來以新的方式學習和察覺。例如,選擇一個新的不熟悉的範疇,並深入探索。並帶來你所有的好奇心。每天花費一些時間冥想是有幫助的,因為這已被證明可以讓您體驗,而不是鼓勵您判斷和關閉選項。
實踐觀察和描述的簡單任務也可以培養創造力,專心和留心細節,那些你通常不會注意到的事情。您可以從整幅構圖開始,然後慢慢地深入細節。以一兩段文字寫下你觀察所得的意見和感受,並定期進行。最後,練習想像力 - 選擇你覺得有趣的東西,例如園藝,並從花的角度來想像敘述生活。想像一下過去或將來的不同時期,也許在某個你夢寐以求的地方。
因為聽起來好像是無法想像的,但建立創造力就是不斷作個人和整體的練習。

Personality traits
Psychiatrist and researcher Nancy Andreasen was interested in the idea of a creative personality type. She conducted a seminal study of this topic, interviewing and testing 30 writers from the Iowa Writers’ Workshop, who were compared with 30 educationally matched ‘‘normal’’ control subjects. Andreasen has identified traits common to highly creative people. 
These include:
• Being open to experiences, with a tolerance for ambiguity and unanswered questions.
• A willingness to have adventures and explore.
• A sense of rebelliousness (disregard for order, rules and social convention).
• A strong sense of individualism.
• Sensitivity (to what they 
are experiencing as well as what others are experiencing).
• A sense of playfulness.
• Persistence – this is necessary because of the repeated knockbacks ‘‘creatives’’ inevitably encounter thanks to pushing limits and seeing things in new ways.
• Curiosity.
• A singleness of vision 
and dedication.

人格特質
精神病學家和研究員南希•安德烈亞森對創意人格類型的想法感興趣。她對這個話題進行了開創性的研究,對來自愛荷華州作家研討會的30位作家進行了訪問和測試,他們與30個與之教育相匹配的「正常」控制研究樣本人員進行了比較。安德烈亞森已經確定了具備高度創造性人物的共同特徵。這些包括:
•對生活經驗抱有開放態度,容忍歧義和未回答的問題。
•願意冒險和探索新事物。
•反叛的思維(無視秩序,規則和社會慣例)。
•強烈的個人主義感。
•敏感度強(關心他們自己正在經歷什麼以及其他人正在經歷什麼)。
•喜歡有趣的事物。
•堅持 - 這是必要的,因為不可避免地會遇到被反复地敲擊的「創意」,因為推動限制和以新的方式看待事物。
•好奇心
•獨特的視野和具備奉獻精神。

https://www.mindfood.com/article/capture-your-imagination/
http://hlj.com/product/BANN03795




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